Investment Fraud: Common Signs and How to Protect Yourself

Investing is one of the ways of wealth-building, but it is not what many people turn to. It can be tricky, so you must know what financial goals you want to achieve before getting involved. Not knowing what you are dealing with is a significant risk. 

In addition, the investment world is constantly evolving, and so are the con artists’ tactics. They are bringing new techniques in order to defraud unsuspecting people eager to grow their wealth. 

Investment fraud looks legitimate in many ways, which makes it too hard to spot. Scammers also use professional selling and marketing strategies. Even seasoned investors have fallen victim to malicious schemes. That’s why it’s important to know how to protect yourself.

Investment Fraud Explained

Many people would not hesitate to invest in something that has above-market returns. But if anyone tries to sell you such deals, be cautious. There is a chance you could become the victim of a scam. 

Investment fraud is on the rise, and scammers target many Americans regardless of age group, education, or religion. In other words, anyone can become a victim. Data from the Federal Trade Commission indicates that scammers stole $3.8 billion in 2022. It is a scary figure. 

A core characteristic of investment scammers is agility, and they usually offer what attracts attention and interest on the market. Many people think they are immune to such scams and would distinguish them from genuine opportunities. However, some scams can be too hard to identify. 

Contrary to what many people think, con artists are often charming and convincing and might say they are financial advisors. They are good at selling, know what they are talking about, and create something for you to invest in. Earning your trust is their priority, so you can invest your money quickly without asking many questions. 

Fraudsters use various ways to trick people. They might, for example, want you to spend money on real estate, cryptocurrency, stocks, or bonds. They can use fake information for a real business to mislead you. Or they can create a phony opportunity to misappropriate your funds, and you will never hear from them again.

Common Signs of Investment Fraud

Making smart decisions will lead you to financial independence over time. Encountering, however, an offer that is too good to be true is probably a scam. An understanding of fraud signs will keep your money growing safely. The following are common signs of fraud:

  • A High Return with Low or No Risk: Fraudsters will try to hook you with higher-than-normal returns. They may promise guaranteed results with low or no risk at all. Legitimate higher-risk investments offer higher returns, while lower-risk ones have lower returns. Hence, if you expect higher returns with no or low risk, you will most likely be defrauded. 
  • Pressure: Malicious people often use high-pressure tactics to manipulate potential victims. It includes creating a sense of urgency by insisting that the offer is available for a limited time. They want you to make hasty decisions without doing due diligence. 
  • Unregistered Sellers: Legitimate sellers register with relevant regulatory authorities. Be wary of anyone selling products or offering advice without proper registration or licensing.
  • Unsolicited Offers: Many fraudsters access the contact details of potential victims through public online platforms. You can receive an unsolicited social media message, email, or phone call about a great opportunity. It is perhaps a scam. Professional advisors or sellers do not use such communication tactics.
  • Complex Investment Strategies: Scammers may lure unsuspecting victims to a meeting where they pitch their products. If their strategies are too difficult to understand, walk away. The tactics can be complicated and are usually not transparent. Fraudsters also fail to explain how the investment works or how they use the funds. 
  • Emotional Manipulation: Some sellers may offer free seminars for a reason. They might give you a small favor, like a free lunch, hoping you will invest in their schemes. This way, they try to get you to make quick decisions. Remember, however, that allowing emotions to get involved can lead to wrong decisions with irreversible consequences.

How to Protect Yourself

A scammer can have a good pitch, but taking specific actions will spoil their plans. If anyone tries to involve you in an investment scheme, here is how you can protect yourself: 

  • Research Before Investing: Avoid making decisions based on message board postings, company news releases, and unsolicited emails or phone calls. Instead, research the company to understand its offerings. Checking the financial statements is a great place to start. 
  • Know Who You Are Dealing with: Spend time to know the person, even if you are familiar with them. Verify their credentials and find whether they had problems with the regulators or other investors.
  • Be Cautious of Unsolicited Offers: Be careful when someone approaches you with unsolicited offers, particularly those from social media. Look up these people on Nuwber to understand if the information they provide about themselves is not made up.
  • Understand the Offer: Spending money on something you do not fully understand is risky. Knowing how to evaluate risks and potential gains can protect you from losses. Do not deal with anyone who fails to answer your questions or tries to manipulate you. Some scammers might evade answering questions by saying they use proprietary or secret strategies. This is a way to stop you from finding out what they are actually involved in. 
  • Consult Financial Professionals: If you are new to the investment world, a financial professional can help you in various ways. They can educate you on the warning signs of financial fraud and advise you on investments that suit your interests and opportunities.


Investment fraud continues to cause financial problems for many people. It is a persistent threat, and it is crucial to spot the common signs to protect yourself. Be wary if someone contacts you with an offer of a high return with low or no risk, pressures you to invest, and is an unregistered seller. Be double careful if it is an unsolicited offer, has complex strategies, or the seller expects you to invest in response to their small favor.

Researching before investing, knowing who you are dealing with, being cautious of unsolicited offers, understanding the offer, and consulting financial professionals are some ways to protect yourself from investment fraud. 

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